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  • Lesson Plan
    • Subject: English (Cause & Effect)
    • Big Idea: Causes and Effects
    • Pedagogical Method: Team-Based Learning in a Flipped Classroom
    • Grade Level: 3
    • Duration: 3 periods
    • Delivery Method: Synchronous
    • Materials: laptops/tablets/Mobile phones
    Also find attached the necessary resources in the Files section
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    Lesson Plan Link-Cause Effect Story Test-Cause Effect WS1-Before Class AK WS1-Before Class WS2-GW WS3-Cause Effect AK WS3-Cause Effect

    • Identify causes and effects.
    • State a cause for a given effect, or state an effect for a given cause.
    Keywords: cause, effect
    • Students can write complete, meaningful sentences
    • Students can understand text structure in expository non-fiction.
    • Pre-teaching

    Send the following video to the students via teams or the platform they are using. 

    Ask them to watch the video and go over the attached document (Worksheet 1) to answer the questions related to the video.

    • Readiness Assurance Testing (IRT) (15 minutes)
    1. Introduce the title and objectives of the lesson.
    2. Ask students about the video they watched before coming to class.
    3. Guide them to collaboratively discuss their answers to Worksheet 1 (Refer to the answer key).
    4. Engage students in a whole-class discussion in which they answer the following questions:

    a. Which one occurs first, the cause or the effect?

    (Possible Response: Cause)

    b. Which one is the reason? Which one is the result?

    (Possible Response: The cause is the reason. / The effect is the result.)

    c.  What are some words that signal a cause-effect relationship?

    (Possible Response: because- so- since- as a result)

    • Readiness Assurance Testing (GRT) (15 minutes)         

    1. Share the following story on Google Jamboard or on the platform you are using. (You can share it as a Word Document too.) Then, read the story.
    Sami always likes to play football outside. One day, it was sunny, so he decided to play football in the park. A dog in the park started to bark loudly and follow Sami around. Sami directly walked away because he was afraid. He went home and decided to play video games because he felt safe there.    
    2. Divide the students into miscellaneous groups (this can be done on a platform like ZOOM or Microsoft Teams) and provide them with Worksheet 2.
    3. Encourage students, within each group, to assign roles to each other (writer, timekeeper, presenter, etc.) and collaborate on filling in the T-chart.

    • Appeal and Edit (20 minutes)

    1. After group work, invite the presenter of each group to identify the missing cause or the missing effect in the T- chart and the signal words that helped them identify the causes and effects.

    2.  Listen to each presenter and invite students from other groups to give feedback.

    • Apply
    Students solve worksheet 3 as an assignment. (You can share the PDF version of the worksheet).
    • Wrap-up (50 minutes)

    -  Start the session by asking students about what they have learned in the previous period. Guide them to define causes and effects.

    -  Correct the assignment after listening to students’ answers (Refer to the provided Answer key 1).

    -  End the session by asking students randomly to give either a cause or an effect for these suggested sentences.

    1. Sami failed the test.

    2. I was running fast.

    3. I ate five chocolate bars.

    4. I forgot my water bottle at home.

    5. I lost my money.



    • Assess

    A sample of a test and its answer key is provided. It is recommended that the test be digitized on a digital platform, such as Google forms.

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