• Lesson Plan
• Subject: English Language/Grammar
• Driving Question: How to differentiate between common and proper nouns?
• Pedagogical Method: 5 E Instructional Method
• Grade Level: 2
• Duration: 1 period
• Delivery Method: Online
• ### Section 1

 Environmental Impact Calculator ArticleSheet Alternative Calculator Video I Explore Worksheet I Explore Worksheet
• ### Purpose

In this lesson, by applying the 5E instructional model, students will be able to calculate the environmental impact of their paper consumption and develop a plan to reduce their paper consumption.

• ### Before you start

● Materials: laptops/tablets
Also find attached the necessary resources in the Files section
• ### Objectives

• Calculate the environmental impact of their paper consumption.
• Calculate the environmental impact of their school's paper consumption.
• Identify the root causes of the environmental impact as a result of the consumption of paper.
• Infer possible solutions for the root causes.
• Develop a plan to "go paperless".

Keywords: paper manufacturing, paper consumption, environmental impact of paper consumption, wood, natural resources, environment
• ### Engage (In-class Activity/ 5 minutes)

• In this phase, students engage in activities that aim to activate their prior knowledge and inspire them to explore the world around them. Encourage them to be curious and ask meaningful questions!
• Carry a paper and ask students about its cost. After listening to students’ answers, direct them to the Engage Section of the Masked Cost of Paper module.

After students complete the Engage Section, conduct a whole-class discussion in which you discuss students’ thoughts and the iceberg theory.

• Following is a text that may help you introduce students to the project:

One of the most used materials in our daily life is paper. According to a survey, on average, a human uses 27 Kg of paper annually. Historically, paper production has ranked among the most resource-intensive and highly polluting of all manufacturing industries. Besides wood, the primary inputs into the papermaking process are water, energy, and hazardous chemicals. Consequently, the environmental impact includes, but is not limited to, deforestation, running out of freshwater, enormous energy consumption (the production of 1 ton of paper consumes 2,908 kWh equivalent to 1454 days of refrigerator use), carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere, global warming, rise in sea level, and melting of polar ice. Ultimately, these result in climate change.  Therefore, although paper costs a penny per sheet, the cost of paper consumption on the environment is detrimental.
• ### Explore

This phase consists of three parts: Observation, Research, and Discussion.

I. Observation:

In this part, students are going to explore their paper consumption. Ask students to:

• Observe the different types of paper products available in their surroundings.
• Select the ones they and their school use.
• Observe the consumed quantity.
• Record their observations on the I Explore worksheet.

II. Research-Based Learning

In this part, students are going to explore their impact on the environment. Ask students to:

The following is an alternative calculator of the environmental impact of recycled paper. Alternative Calculator

III. Discussion

• Group Discussion

Have students discuss the results of their research in groups.

• Class Discussion

Foster a rich whole-class discussion about students' observations and research results.

• ### E-Learn

• In this phase, students identify more linkages among the discussed concepts as they engage in a set of interactive activities. E-learning is based on discovery, play, and instant feedback.
• Ask students to engage in the E-Learn section of the Masked Cost of Paper module on Tabshoura Platform. Encourage students to be autonomous learners and have them e-learn autonomously on the platform.
• At the end of the E-Learn phase, foster a whole-class discussion to ensure that all the students have mastered the concepts included in the interactive activities. You may resolve one of the exercises with the whole class to emphasize a particular concept or skill

• ### Elaborate (10 minutes)

Invite students to play a game. Choose a student randomly and ask him/her to give you a common noun and explain its characteristics in 20 seconds. (Set a timer to the screen.) Then, choose another student to give a matching proper noun and explain his answer in 20 seconds.

• ### Evaluate (10 minutes)

Prepare students for individual evaluation. Provide students with a sample test (Test). It is recommended that the test be digitized on a digital platform, such as Google forms.

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